In his speech at the public hearing cited by the Constitutional Court to assess the situation of forced displacement in the country, the Deputy Comptroller General, Ricardo Rodriguez, said that the budgets that entities have to address forced displacement are limited or not intended for this purpose. Rodriguez said that in some cases the territorial entities that assigned resources aimed at the prevention and protection of Resources to Help and Assist victims of forced displacement do not exceed 5%.
For example, the voice controller said that the mayor of Tumaco, in 2017, allocated resources for protection prevention, but for the 2018 term “such appropriation was not made.” The Attorney General, Fernando Carrillo, said that there is a “need” that you have more resources agencies or entities responsible for serving this type of population. In addition to asking the Government to identify all the victims of forced displacement, he suggested making visible the measures of access to housing, income generation and collective reparation plans.
The Office of the Prosecutor, through Deputy Prosecutor María Paulina Riveros, stated that five of the persons responsible for the forced displacement of the Gulf clan and the Juacos have been identified. He also said that the investigative body has assets of 17,495 cases associated with crimes that general forced displacement. He also said that, under the Justice and Peace Law, 182 people have been convicted. Of this number, according to Riveros, 34 were commanders of blocks of several fronts. He pointed to the Front Oliver Sinisterra, dissident of the Farc, as those responsible for displacement in the Alto Mira and Frontera community, in Tumaco.
The deputy prosecutor also identified as responsible for forced displacement of dissidents of the 9th and 47th Fronts, the Carlos Alirio Buitrago Front of the National Liberation Army (ELN), the Gulf clan and a group known as the Caparrapos. Also, María Paulina Riveros said that some of the problems of the Office of the Prosecutor is the collection of information on a specific case, which leads to delays, as well as obstacles to justice that lead to their being slow. For her, the investigations for this crime, which are usually committed massively, must be effective.
Meanwhile, Ramón Alberto Rodríguez, director (e) of the Victims Unit), said in the Constitutional Court that there is a reduction in the dynamics of violence and a decrease in graduation. According to figures provided at the hearing, in 2002 there were 868,432 victims, while in 2002 there were 82,528. For him, there must be an articulation between entities to achieve a positive impact on the communities victims of forced displacement. For his part, the vice-deputy of the People, Jorge Enrique Calero, said that “the forced displacement and confinement of the civilian population has not been effectively prevented.”
Gloria Amparo Alonso, director of the National Planning Department, said that there are three major challenges: the harmonization of victim policy with the social promotion policy, the revitalization of reparation and the strengthening of results. And Tokiko Iriyama, deputy representative of the UN refugee agency, said: ” We have had information from confirmed and mass displacement communities. There have been scenarios without sufficient response, showing a weakening response. “